Human settlements in Cappadocia started as early as Bronze Age. It is sight of fairy chimneys full of history and cultural heritage.Cappadocia has been called similar names in many other languages, some of which are Haspaduya (Old Persian, meaning “the land of beautiful horses”), Kat-patuka (Luwian language, meaning “Low Country”), and Katta-Peda (Hititie, meaning “place below”). The area was formed about 60 million years ago through the weathering of extrusive igneous rocks from mounts Erciyes, Hasan, and Güllü.
Today the area is a popular tourist destination. We might often come to think of Nevşehir as its location, but the Touristic Cappadocia includes four cities which are Nevşehir, Kayseri, Aksaray, and Niğde. Hot-air ballooning and trekking are some of the favorite activities. There are museums and more than 30 carved-from-rock churches and chapels in the area.
Cappadocia is the ancient capital of Anatolia, although we speak of Cappadocia today and we are looking at the valleys of Goreme and Urgup, with their natural pinnacles and rock churches. In this survey of Cappadocia’s historical geography, the region will be examined in its entirety.
Ancient Anatolia or Asia Minor, the large peninsula where modern Turkey is located, consists of several regions. One of the most important was Cappadocia. Originally this region encompassed today’s provinces of Kirsehir, Nevsehir, Aksaray, Nigde, Kayseri, Malatya, the eastern part of Ankara, the southern parts of Yozgat and Sivas, and the northern part of Adana.